Children under the age of 12 make a complete recovery, but in children whose immunity has been weakened due to chemotherapy, etc., chickenpox can cause a serious problem. However, this rarely happens.
what is chickenpox
Chickenpox is a type of infection caused by the varicella zoster virus. Most children have this disease at some point or the other. Most children get chickenpox before the age of 10.
The immune system makes proteins called antibodies during infection. It fights the virus and then protects the body from this disease throughout life. That’s why smallpox happens again after one time.
Also read: Chickenpox is very painful
Symptoms of Chickenpox
There is a rash on the body with high fever, pain and headache. Small blisters appear on the body which are itchy. These can be anywhere on the body. Along with this, children also have the problem of loss of appetite.
Usually, children with chickenpox need treatment to relieve symptoms such as itching and fever. You can apply calamine lotion to reduce itching. If the child is having a lot of itching, then the doctor may prescribe antihistamine medicine.
Paracetamol can be given to reduce fever. Keep giving the baby plenty of water or fluids and let him rest.
When having chickenpox, keep the child’s nails cut or else the child will scratch the blisters and peel them. In severe cases, the child may need to be hospitalized.
Also read: Chickenpox: Follow These Ways To Get Relief From Itching
Chickenpox is a contagious disease, so keep the child at home and do not allow people to come near the child.
You can give your child a colloidal oatmeal bath to get relief from itching. Fill the tub with lukewarm water and add oatmeal to it and ask the child to sit in it for some time.
Apply calamine lotion or petroleum jelly after bathing. Do not give antibiotics without consulting a doctor.
Ibuprofen or paracetamol can be taken to reduce fever.
how to protect children from smallpox
The best way to avoid chickenpox is to get the child vaccinated. A child of 18 months and 7 years gets the chickenpox vaccine.
Children 14 years and older can also be vaccinated if they have not had chickenpox and have not been vaccinated.
The chickenpox vaccine is 90 percent effective. This means that the child will not have chickenpox after the vaccine, and even if it occurs, it will heal quickly and the blisters will not be too severe.