- Maharashtra topped the year 2020, followed by Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Punjab and Kerala.
- The number of women judges in the High Courts increased from 11 percent to 13 percent, according to the report of Tata Trust
- Andhra Pradesh has the highest annual expenditure of Rs 2,00,871 for a prison inmate at Rs 11,046.
Maharashtra topped the list of states giving justice to people in the year 2020, followed by Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Punjab and Kerala. It has been said in a report by ‘Tata Trust’. Among the smaller states (with a population of less than one crore), Tripura was at the top followed by Sikkim and Goa.
The second edition of the ‘India Justice Report’ is based on separate government data related to police, judiciary, prisons and legal aid. The Tata Trust has designed this ranking in coordination with the Center for Social Justice, Common Cause, Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative, Daksh, TISS-Prayas, ‘Law Center for Legal Policy’ and ‘How India Lives’.
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The report says that India has only 29 percent women judges. The number of women judges in high courts has increased from 11 percent to 13 percent while in subordinate courts their number has increased from 28 percent to 30 percent. Justice MB Lokur, a former Supreme Court judge who wrote the preamble of the report, has said that what is most worrying is the number of cases pending in the courts. However, fewer petitions were filed due to the epidemic.
Justice Lokur has said, “At the time of writing this preamble, according to the National Judicial Data Grid, 3.53 crore cases are pending in district courts in the country. Apart from this, there are 47 lakh cases in the High Court.
The former judge said that judicial reforms are very important and it has to be done on a war footing. Regarding the jail, the report said that the average expenditure per prisoner has also increased by about 45 percent. Andhra Pradesh has the highest annual expenditure of Rs 2,00,871, while a prisoner in Meghalaya spends Rs 11,046. The report looked at data related to justice delivery system – judiciary, police jails and legal aid.